London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is a 21st-century city with a history stretching back to Roman times. At its center stand the imposing Houses of Parliament, the iconic Big Ben clock tower, and Westminster Abbey, the site of British monarch coronations. Across the Thames River, the London Eye observation wheel provides panoramic views of the South Bank cultural complex and the entire city. London is a leading global city. It is the world's largest financial center alongside New York and is home to the headquarters of more than 100 of Europe's 500 largest companies. It has the most international visitors of any city in the world. Many of London’s top attractions lie only a short distance from here, such as Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square, Buckingham Palace, and St. James’s Park. The location is also within London’s “theatre land” and close to many of the capital’s best pubs, clubs, restaurants, and shops.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain is a country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland It comprises England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles..The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital and largest city are London, a global city and financial center with a metropolitan area population of over 14 million. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool, and Leeds. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers.
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